Pulchrinodaceae

URL: https://datastore.landcareresearch.co.nz/dataset/e865a18b-29b8-487b-8fe0-e9c07bdb7d85/resource/a3e5050b-e9bc-4da5-a712-016f42114a51/download/floraofnewzealand-mosses-32-fife-2017-pulchrinodaceae.pdf

Pulchrinodus inflatus (Hook.f. & Wilson) B.H.Allen is one of the largest true mosses occurring in New Zealand, with stems sometimes exceeding 300 mm in length and membranous, wrinkled leaves up to 8 mm long and 3.8 mm wide. By these features this is a readily recognised plant in the N.Z. flora; it was first collected by the plant explorer William Colenso and initially described (as a Hypnum) by J.D. Hooker & W. Wilson in the Flora Novae-Zelandiae in 1854. It occurs in a range of vegetation types but is best developed in lava fields, in kauri gumlands, in mānuka/gorse scrub, and under regenerating kauri. It also occurs in geothermal fields and, on the South I., in heathlands, including pākahi. Twentieth century treatments of N.Z. mosses, including that of Sainsbury, placed this species in the genus Eucamptodon. Its systematic relationships have long been controversial, with placements proposed in several families. The recent creation of the monotypic Pulchrinodaceae, in the order Bryales, is founded predominantly on molecular evidence. The sole species in this family was long considered to be a N.Z. endemic, but recent studies have documented occurrences in both south-western Tasmania and eastern New Caledonia.

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Data last updated April 7, 2017
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