Members of the acrocarpous family Encalyptaceae are often referred to as “extinguisher mosses” or “candle-snuffer-mosses” because of their distinctive and large calyptrae, which are about as long as the setae and completely enclose the developing capsules. Two attractive species, both of which are in the genus Encalypta and bipolar in distribution, are documented in N.Z. from calcareous rock and its derived detritus. Encalypta is well known for the diversity of its peristome development, but both N.Z. species lack a peristome. Both species are more common on the South I., probably reflecting the greater abundance of calcareous rock on that island. However, it is puzzling that neither species seems to have been collected from the North I. for more than sixty years.
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