The Entodontaceae are a pleurocarpous family of four genera, with the eponymous genus by far the most species-rich. Entodon is a genus of c. 130 species, best developed on tree trunks and rock in tropical highlands, but extending into temperate parts of both southern and northern hemispheres. Only one species, E. plicatus, occurs in N.Z. It is an attractive, bright green, lustrous, and complanate plant with cuspidate shoot apices, no apparent costae, and rather large, erect, and narrowly cylindric capsules, which grows on rock and exposed roots in forests of eastern regions. N.Z. material has formerly been treated as an endemic species (E. truncorum), but that taxonomic interpretation is rejected here. In some parts of its N.Z. range E. plicatus shows a distinct preference for areas with calcareous bedrock, as do many of its congeners in other regions. The bulk of E. plicatus N.Z. collections are from Canterbury and Otago, and it is documented from fewer than 10 North I. collections, mostly from near Lake Waikaremoana.
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